Arch Duke Charles Arch Duke Charles, Austrian Warlord (1771 - 1847) It seems like a quirk of history that the two most significant military commanders in such a belligerent age as the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century - the French emperor Napoleon and the Habsburg Arch Duke Charles of Austria - both appear to have suffered from epilepsy.

In early infancy, Charles had a weak constitution, which, however, did not prevent him from pursuing a military career with his characteristic persistence and tenacity.

He began to show signs of having epilepsy when he was 8 years old: 'His limbs often twitched, while his eyes glassed over and took on a fixed stare.'
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Deutsches Epilepsiemuseum Kork